Are you a medical student or working in related fields? Or just a curious person by nature? Then our collection of common medical terms and concepts can help you better understand this fascinating side of science and art. The... necronomicon of medicine.
Action Potentials [ microbiology ]An electrical impulse that travels from one end of a cell to another after which it jumps onto another neighboring cell. Action potentials represent the way information is stored in the cortex and are born from an ionic imbalance of the cellular membrane.
Amnesia [ psychology ]Amnesia is loosely defined as the loss of memory. In can take many forms with varying duration and severity but the most common two are:
- retrograde amnesia - the inability to remember information from the past;
- anterograde amnesia - the inability to form new memories.
Anamnesis [ miscellaneous ]The formal term used for "taking the patients history" during a hospital admittance. Also refers to a series of structured and precise questions used to determine vital information about the patients current health status.
Asylum [ psychology ]A type of hospital from which patients cannot freely enter or exit. Most medical personnel (such as doctors, nurses or orderlies) are also bound by very strict regulations when working there. Usually meant for patients with sever mental health issues that require constant supervising or in order to quarantine patients with sever infectious diseases that can spread very rapidly.
Ataxia [ neurology ]A neurological sign that manifests as a lack of coordination of voluntary movement. Ataxia is a non specific neurological sign that can appear in a variety of diseases and abnormalities, including but not limited to cerebellar dysfunction.