Are you a medical student or working in related fields? Or just a curious person by nature? Then our collection of common medical terms and concepts can help you better understand this fascinating side of science and art. The... necronomicon of medicine.
Ataxia [ neurology ]A neurological sign that manifests as a lack of coordination of voluntary movement. Ataxia is a non specific neurological sign that can appear in a variety of diseases and abnormalities, including but not limited to cerebellar dysfunction.
Central Nervous System [ neurology ]Often abbreviated CNS, it constitutes from the brain, brain stem and spinal cord. In other words, the "vital" portion of the nervous system required for survival as well as higher function.
Migraines [ neurology ]A type of recurring headache that manifests as a pulsatile or throbbing pain affecting a large portion of the head. Can potentially last anywhere from a few hours to several days, and can vary in intensity from benign to crippling.
Neurology [ neurology ]Neurology is the medical science that handles the central as well as the peripheral nervous system. It is primarily focused on the function of various nervous cells and organs and the end result of their connectivity.
Neuron [ microbiology, neurology ]One of the most prominent and important cell of the nervous system, both the central and the peripheral one. Its primary function is that of information relay via electrical signals.
Oligodendrocyte [ microbiology, neurology ]The cell responsible for myelin sheath generation in the central nervous system. As such, they present a support and insulation function, not unlike Schwan cells.
Peripheral Nervous System [ neurology ]Often abbreviated PNS, it constitutes from nerves and ganglia that are not part of the central nervous system. In other words, all non-essential structures of the nervous system that handle relationships with the surrounding world.
Wernicke–Korsakoff Syndrome [ neurology ]A encelopathy caused by vitamin B1 deficiency which manifests with memory loss, impaired vision and ataxia. Common in patients with alcohol abuse issues.