Are you a medical student or working in related fields? Or just a curious person by nature? Then our collection of common medical terms and concepts can help you better understand this fascinating side of science and art. The... necronomicon of medicine.
Anamnesis [ miscellaneous ]The formal term used for "taking the patients history" during a hospital admittance. Also refers to a series of structured and precise questions used to determine vital information about the patients current health status.
Contract [ miscellaneous ]Depending on the context, "contract" can have two meanings as far as medicine is concerned. It can either mean "to get infected with a disease" or if its referring to muscles it can mean "to shorten a muscle by activating it".
Disease [ miscellaneous ]A broad term describing an abnormal condition or event that affects part of or the whole organism. The term "pathology" is sometimes used as a synonym, even though there are some semantic differences.
Medical Signs [ miscellaneous ]A medical sign is a manifestation of a disease that is externally observed. In other words, the individual who is manifesting the sign, usually isn't aware of it unless prompted by an external observer.
Pathologies [ miscellaneous ]"Pathology" is generally used as a synonym to "disease" in a medical environment. The term can also mean "the study of suffering" from pathos, "pain" and the suffix -ology, "the study of".
Pedagogy [ miscellaneous ]The art and science of teaching. An invaluable skill for many professions, not just medicine!
Physiognomy [ miscellaneous ]Refers to assessing another persons characteristics, either physical ones such as weight height, etc. or mental ones such as personality, mannerisms etc. It derives from the combination of physis meaning "nature" and gnomon meaning "interpreter".
Shorthand [ miscellaneous ]A writing method that uses symbols and numbers to replace full words or even phrases. The purpose, being of course, increasing brevity and speed of writing.
Symptoms [ miscellaneous ]A symptom is broadly defined as "the cause that brings the patient to the hospital". It's a manifestation, either physically or mentally that causes distress to an individual. They are generally regarded as subjective since most characteristics of the symptom can only be felt by the patient and not observed externally by another person.Note: Often the terms "signs" and "symptoms" are used interchangeably. This is a minor semantic error but can induce some confusion when medical records are concerned.
Syndrome [ miscellaneous ]A grouping of several medical signs and symptoms that characterize a particular pathology. A syndrome is also a definitive diagnosis that can be deduced and confirmed with the help of the anamnesis, the physical exam and other medical tests.